Bougainvillea spectabilis, also known as the great bougainvillea, is a species of flowering plant native to Brazil. A member of the four-o’clock family (Nyctaginaceae), it is closely related to the genus Bougainvillea.
The plant grows as a vine or shrub and produces clusters of bright pink, purple, or red flowers. The leaves are simple and ovate, and the plant can reach a height of 10 m (33 ft).
Bougainvillea spectabilis is a popular ornamental plant in many parts of the world, grown for its colorful flowers. It is often used as a hedge or climbing plant. The plant requires little maintenance and is tolerant of drought and poor soil.
The plant is drought tolerant and does not require much maintenance, making it a low-care option for gardeners. The plant is also tolerant of poor soil, making it a good choice for areas with poor drainage or poor soil quality.
When to water:
Water bougainvillea deeply and thoroughly, allowing the soil to dry out slightly between waterings. They are drought tolerant once established, but will flower and look their best with regular watering.
Bougainvillea have a long growing season and can be kept in bloom almost year-round in warm climates. In cooler climates, they will bloom from spring to fall.
The plant prefers warm temperatures and does not tolerate frost.
Type of soil required:
The plant is tolerant of poor soil, making it a good choice for areas with poor drainage or poor soil quality.
The plant prefers full sun and does not tolerate shade.
Bougainvillea can be propagated from stem cuttings. Cuttings should be taken from new growth, and rooted in a well-drained potting mix.
Landscape uses of bougainvillea:
Bougainvillea are often used as hedges or screens, planted in containers, or trained to climb.
Medicinal use of bougainvillea:
Bougainvillea leaves and flowers are used in traditional medicine in some parts of South America.