The Terminalia catappa (Indian almond) also known as the tropical almond, is a tree native to India and Pakistan. It is the only species in the genus Terminalia, and is classified in the family Combretaceae. The Indian almond is a large tree, growing to 20–25 m tall, with a trunk up to 1.5 m in diameter. The leaves are 6–20 cm long and 3–7 cm wide, with a rounded or pointed tip.
The flowers are white or pale pink, and borne in panicles 5–20 cm long. The fruit is a drupe 5–7 cm long and 3–5 cm wide, with a hard, woody shell.
The Indian almond is cultivated in India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, and Thailand. The tree is grown for its timber, which is used in construction, furniture, and boat-building. The nut is edible, and is used in confectionery and as a food for livestock.
How to care:
The Indian almond tree (Terminalia catappa) is a relatively easy tree to care for. It is tolerant of a wide range of soils and climates, and does not require much in the way of fertilizer or water. The tree does best in full sun, but can tolerate some shade. It is relatively drought-tolerant once established. Indian almond trees are generally pest- and disease-free.
The Indian almond tree Terminalia catappa does not require a lot of water, but it does need a consistent supply of moisture. Water the tree deeply and regularly during the first year after planting. After that, water it as needed to keep the soil moist but not soggy.
The Indian almond tree Terminalia catappa does not need a lot of fertilizer. Apply a balanced fertilizer once a year in the spring.
The Indian almond tree does not require a lot of pruning. You can prune it to shape if desired, but it is not necessary. If you do prune the tree, do so in the late winter or early spring.
The Indian almond tree has a long growing season, from spring to fall. It is a fast-growing tree, and can reach its full height in just a few years.
The Indian almond tree (Terminalia catappa) is tolerant of a wide range of temperatures, from hot to cold. It does best in warm climates, but can also tolerate cooler temperatures.
Type of soil:
The Indian almond tree (Terminalia catappa) is tolerant of a wide range of soils, from sandy to clay. It prefers well-drained soil, but can also tolerate some clay.
The Indian almond tree does best in full sun, but can tolerate some shade. It is relatively drought-tolerant once established.
The Indian almond tree is propagated by seed. Sow the seeds in the spring, in a well-drained seed-starting mix. Keep the soil moist but not soggy. The seeds will germinate in 21-30 days.
The Indian almond tree is often used as a shade tree or a street tree. It can also be used in windbreaks or as a privacy screen.