Cauliflower is a member of the cruciferous family, which includes broccoli, kale, and Brussels sprouts. The florets of a cauliflower head are usually white, but can also be green, yellow, or purple. It is a good source of vitamins C and K, as well as fiber and folate. It can be eaten raw, cooked, or roasted, and is a popular ingredient in many recipes.
How to care:
Cauliflower is a cool-weather crop that grows best in temperatures between 60 and 65 degrees Fahrenheit. It should be planted in early spring, about two weeks before the last frost. The soil should be well-drained and rich in organic matter.It prefers full sun but will also do well in partial shade.
Watering is an important part of care. The plant needs to be kept evenly moist, but not wet or soggy. Too much water can lead to problems such as rot or fungal diseases. Be sure to water the soil, not the leaves, to avoid these problems.
Cauliflower is a relatively pest- and disease-free vegetable. However, common pests include aphids, cucumber beetles, and cutworms. Common diseases include black rot, downy mildew, and white mold.
Cauliflower is ready to harvest when the heads are firm and about 6 to 8 inches in diameter. Cut the heads from the plant with a sharp knife, being careful not to damage the surrounding leaves. Cauliflower can be stored in the refrigerator for up to a week.
Cauliflower needs about 1 inch of water per week.
Cauliflower does not need a lot of fertilizer. A light application of compost or a balanced fertilizer before planting is all that is needed.
Type of Soil:
Cauliflower prefers a well-drained, rich soil.
When to Plant:
Cauliflower should be planted in early spring, about two weeks before the last frost.
Cauliflower plants should be spaced about 18 inches apart.
Plants should be spaced about 3 feet apart in rows.
Plant seeds germinate best at a temperature of 70 degrees Fahrenheit.
Days to Maturity:
Plant heads are typically ready to harvest in about 70 to 80 days.
Plant is typically started from seed.
Good companions for cauliflower include beans, peas, and tomatoes.
Pest and disease control:
Plant is relatively pest- and disease-free, but common problems include aphids, cucumber beetles, and cutworms.
Plant can be grown in the garden as an ornamental plant. The heads can be white, green, yellow, or purple, and the plant has large, dark green leaves. Cauliflower is also a popular ingredient in many recipes.